Latest publications

Cochran, Jaquelin, and Paul Denholm, eds. 2021. The Los Angeles 100% Renewable Energy Study. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-79444.

Hale, Elaine, Anthony Fontanini, Eric Wilson, Henry Horsey, Andrew Parker, Matteo Muratori, Colin McMillan, Kelly Sanders, Megan Mooney, David Roberts, Janet Reyna, Rajendra Adhikari,Chioke Harris, Scott Horowitz, Dalton Jones, Noel Merket, Maharshi Pathak, Joseph Robertson, Andrew Speake, Carlo Bianchi, Eric Bonnema, Matthew Dahlhausen, Marlena Praprost, Liang Zhang, Eric Wood, Dong-Yeon Lee, Christopher Neuman, Ricardo Oliveira, Angineh Zohrabian, Jane Lockshin. 2021. “Chapter 3: Electricity Demand Projections.” In The Los Angeles 100% Renewable Energy Study, edited by Jaquelin Cochran and Paul Denholm. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/TP-6A20-79444-3.

Becker, W., Christensen, D., Cutler, D., Maguire, J., McCabe, K., Reese, S., & Speake, A. (2021). Technoeconomic Design of a Geothermal-Enabled Cold Climate Zero Energy Community. Journal of Energy Resources Technology, 143(10).

Booten, C., Rao, P., Rapp, V., Jackson, R., & Prasher, R. (2021). Theoretical Minimum Thermal Load in Buildings. Joule, 5(1), 24-46.

Kenyon, R. W., Maguire, J., Present, E., Christensen, D., & Hodge, B. M. (2021). Bulk Electric Power System Risks from Coordinated Edge Devices. IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy.

Das, S., Wilson, E., Williams, E. (2020) The impact of behavioral and geographic heterogeneity on residential-sector carbon abatement costs. Energy and Buildings

Speake, A.; Donohoo-Vallett, P.; Wilson, E.; Chen, E.; Christensen, C. Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems. Energies 2020, 13, 5192.

Winkler, J., Das, S., Earle, L., Burkett, L., Robertson, J., Roberts, D., & Booten, C. (2020). Impact of installation faults in air conditioners and heat pumps in single-family homes on U.S. energy usage. Applied Energy, 278, 115533.

Other Media

Daniel, Joseph. (2019). "The Energy Burden: How Bad is it and How to Make it Less Bad." Union of Concerned Scientists Blog.

Primary ResStock publications

Wilson, E. J. H., Christensen, C. B., Horowitz, S. G., Robertson, J. J., & Maguire, J. B. (2017). Energy Efficiency Potential in the US Single-Family Housing Stock (No. NREL/TP-5500-68670). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States). DOI: 10.2172/1414819

Wilson, E., Christensen, C., Horowitz, S., & Horsey, H. (2016). "A high-granularity approach to modeling energy consumption and savings potential in the US residential building stock." Proceedings of SimBuild, 6(1).

Wilson, E., & Merket, N. (2018) "An Interactive Visualization Tool for Large-Scale Building Stock Modeling." Proceedings of 2018 Building Performance Modeling Conference and SimBuild (338). ASHRAE and IBPSA-USA. Chicago, IL (United States). Link

Wilson, E. J. H., Harris, C. B., Robertson, J. J., & Agan, J. (2019). Evaluating energy efficiency potential in low-income households: A flexible and granular approach. Energy Policy, 129, 710-737. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.01.054

Preparing for a City-Scale Building Energy Upgrade Analysis: A Case Study for New York City (July 2019). National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/MK-5500-71727.

Fact Sheets

Wilson, E. J. H. (2017) ResStock - Targeting Energy and Cost Savings for U.S. Homes. (Fact Sheet) (No. NREL/FS-5500-68653). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States).

Wilson, E. J. H., Harris, C., & Robertson, J. J. (2018) Evaluating Energy Efficiency Potential in Low-Income Households. (Fact Sheet) (No. NREL/FS-5500-70659). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States).

Recorded webinars

March 29, 2017 Building America webinar: ResStock – Evaluating Home Performance Upgrades Across the U.S. Residential Building Stock

Selected publications using ResStock


Palmintier, B., Elgindy, T., Mateo, C., Postigo, F., Gómez, T., de Cuadra, F., & Martinez, P. D. (2021). Experiences developing large-scale synthetic US-style distribution test systems. Electric Power Systems Research, 190, 106665.


Gerke, B.F., Zhang, C., Satchwell, A., Murthy, S., Piette, M.A., Present, E., Wilson, E., Speake, A. and Adhikari, R., 2020. Modeling the Interaction Between Energy Efficiency and Demand Response on Regional Grid Scales. Presented at the 2020 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 17-21 August 2020. (No. NREL/CP-5500-77423).

Das, Saptarshi, "Effects of heterogeneity, technological progress and interaction on carbon mitigation costs" (2020). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from

Gold, R., Cohn, C., Hoffmeister, A., & Molina, M. (2020). How energy efficiency can help rebuild North Carolina’s economy.

King, C. W., Greer, D., Du, J., Rhodes, J. D., White, P. R., & Heun, M. (2020) Energy Futures Dashboard: Calculation of Historical, Baseline, and Future Energy Flows to 2050 by Region. link

Li, H., Wert, J. L., Birchfield, A. B., Overbye, T. J., San Roman, T. G., Domingo, C. M., ... & Palmintier, B. (2020). Building Highly Detailed Synthetic Electric Grid Data Sets for Combined Transmission and Distribution Systems. IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy, 7, 478-488.

Murphy, C., Hotchkiss, E. L., Anderson, K. H., Barrows, C. P., Cohen, S. M., Dalvi, S., ... & Wilson, E. J. (2020). Adapting Existing Energy Planning, Simulation, and Operational Models for Resilience Analysis (No. NREL/TP-6A20-74241). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States). 10.2172/1602705


Mims Frick, N., Wilson, E. J., Reyna, J., Parker, A. S., Present, E. K., Kim, J., ... & Eckman, T. (2019). End-Use Load Profiles for the US Building Stock: Market Needs, Use Cases, and Data Gaps (No. NREL/TP-5500-75215; DOE/GO-102019-5217). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States). 10.2172/1576489

Christensen, Dane T, Becker, William L, Speake, Andrew, McCabe, Kevin, Bench Reese, Samantha R, Maguire, Jeffrey B, Cutler, Dylan S, and Dorsey, Caitlin. (2019) "Geothermal-Enabled Zero Energy Electric Community—An Integrated System Design Study: Preprint". Presented at the Geothermal Resources Council (GRC) Annual Meeting & Expo, 15-18 September 2019, Palm Springs, California, United States.


Christensen, D. T., Jin, X., Sparn, B. F., Isley, S., Balamurugan, S. P., Carmichael, S., ... & Lurbe, S. (2018). TIP-337 Home Battery System for Cybersecure Energy Efficiency and Demand Response (No. NREL/TP-5500-72184). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States).

Hale, E. T., Horsey, H. R., Muratori, M., Wilson, E. J., Borlaug, B. A., Christensen, C. B., ... & Rossol, M. N. (2018). The Demand-Side Grid (dsgrid) Model Documentation (No. NREL/TP-6A20-71492). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States). DOI: 10.2172/1465659 DOI: 10.2172/1471555

Podkaminer, Kara, Valerie Nubbe, Ben King, Ookie Ma, Jared Langevin, John R. Mayernik, Chioke Harris, and Eric J. Wilson. "Is Every kWh the Same? How Do Energy Efficiency Measures Stack Up Across Regions?" Presented at the 2018 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 12-17 August 2018, Pacific Grove, California (No. NREL/CP-5500-72080).

Saxena, M., Coffey, B., May-Ostendorp, P., Rasin, J., Wilson, E. J., Horowitz, S. G. (2018). "Simplifying Energy Efficiency for Homeowners-Results from a California Utility's Pilot Study of a Scalable Solution to Assess Retrofit and Solar Opportunities: Preprint" Presented at the 2018 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, 12-17 August 2018, Pacific Grove, California (No. NREL/CP-5500-72176).

Data Dashboards

Tabular dashboard with state-by-state technical and economic savings results for all measures and packages from DOI: 10.2172/1414819

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